Ecological Research


    Vol. 32 (2017)
    No. submitted articles: 536
    No. accepted articles: 126


    Current issue
    (vol. 33, issue 1)
    Days for acceptance:
    148 (41–272)
    Days for online-first:
    177 (56–296)
    Days for publication:
    227 (111–355)

    vol. 28 2013


    Because of their overwhelming size over other organisms, trees define the structural and energetic properties of forest ecosystems. With the development of safe, reliable tree-climbing techniques, ecologists can now explore the canopy of many forests to quantify its structure and function. Ecosystem productivity tends to be higher in vertically welldeveloped forests, such as the mixed forests of Yakushima Island, Japan (top), where conifers and broadleaved trees are vertically stratified. Because trees have evolved retaining high phenotypic plasticity, vertical variation in photosynthesis-related traits allows tall trees such as Sequoia sempervirens in northern California, USA (middle), to fully exploit the highly variable light environment of the forest canopy. The forest canopy also harbors diverse and unique organisms, such as the epiphytic plant Vaccinium yakushimense (bottom), which is endemic to Yakushima Island and grows almost exclusively on old-growth Cryptomeria japonica trees. The photo shows the plant growing on a dead branch.
    Photos by Hiroaki Ishii*

    *Hiroaki Ishii is the recipient of the 5th Oshima Award!!
    Check his award article