|| 要旨トップ | 目次 |||日本生態学会第61回全国大会 (2014年3月、広島) 講演要旨
一般講演（口頭発表） F1-04 (Oral presentation)
Antennal cropping, a behavior inferred to exist because queens and kings have shorter antennae than fresh alates, is widespread in lower-termites. However, the proximate and ultimate mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. We studied the occurrence of antennal cropping in queens and kings of the dry-wood termite Neotermes koshunensis (Kalotermitidae).
The tip structure of the cropped antennae of queens and kings showed the edges folded inward. The same inward folding was also observed in some antennae cropped using the mandible of a termite. Antennal cropping also occurred in isolated dealates reared in isolation. This implies that self-cropping is an important proximate mechanism of antennal cropping in this termite.
We also found antennal cropping in adultoid reproductives (secondary reproductives). We propose a new hypothesis that antennal cropping is important for individuals in regulating their physiology when they change from the non-reproducing to the reproducing phase. The adaptive significance of antennal cropping may be to reduce the inhibitory effect of pheromones released by the reproductives on their own reproduction.