|| 要旨トップ | 本企画の概要 |||日本生態学会第61回全国大会 (2014年3月、広島) 講演要旨
シンポジウム S10-1 (Lecture in Symposium/Workshop)
Stable isotope tools have been used to study watershed ecology, which covers researches on nutrient cycling and food web structure among forest, river, lake and coastal ecosystems. Recently, nitrogen isotope ratios of individual amino acids have been measured to estimate trophic positions of animals. However, this technique has not been applied to complex food web analysis, such as freshwater systems, which are based on both autochthonous (aquatic) and allochthonous (terrestrial) productions. We have proved that this method is applicable to various freshwater food webs, including the system to which the bulk-isotope method could not be applied. Application of the method to archived biological specimen allows us to study long-term trophic changes in the ecosystem. Natural abundance of radiocarbon is another signature that separates carbon sources in freshwater ecosystems. Biodiversity assessment at species level is often applied to an ecosystem. We suggest that a trophic structure estimated by various isotope signatures, together with estimated biomass of each taxonomic group, is an alternative index of describing biodiversity in watershed ecosystems. I will overview the current research using various new isotope techniques, and discuss further applications to the study of watershed ecology.