|| 要旨トップ | 目次 |||日本生態学会第70回全国大会 (2023年3月、仙台) 講演要旨
一般講演（口頭発表） A01-05 （Oral presentation）
Understanding how the spatial variation in species composition (beta-diversity) varies with biotic and abiotic conditions is one of the ultimate goals in biology. Theory predicts that beta-diversity is a consequence of two factors, species-level differences (defined as the variations among species in the probabilities that species are present in the landscape) and spatial heterogeneity (defined as the difference, between two sites, in the probabilities with which species are present). At present, however, the importance of each factor is unclear. Here, we take a probabilistic and combinatorial approach to examine the effects of species differences and spatial heterogeneity on the degree to which species assemblages in two spatial locations differ in species compositions. We first derived analytical and approximation formulae of the expectation and variance of the pairwise beta-diversity, based on the assumption that the presence probabilities of species are independent of each other. We found that, contrary to the intuitive claim that differences among species lead to greater beta-diversity, our method predicts that the reverse is also likely under some, though not all, circumstances. Strikingly, when space is homogeneous, beta-diversity decreases with species differences. This suggests that policy making for increasing species differences would, without the effort to maintaining environmental heterogeneity, induce biotic homogeneization.